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  • Denisa Mayari

The Lombok Treasure: Amends Made or Unfinished Business?

Lombok treasures, originally housed at


The Netherlands has made a momentous announcement, marking a significant step towards reconciliation and cultural preservation. The Lombok Treasure, which has been on display at the Rijksmuseum, will be returned to its rightful home, Indonesia. 

This cache of precious stones, gold, and silver jewelry, totaling 230 kilograms of gold and 7000 kilograms of silver, along with countless jewels, was wrongfully taken as war booty in 1894 from the Indonesian island of Lombok. Its capture by the Dutch colonial army involved considerable violence, as the raja's palace was torched and looted, leaving a lasting scar on the island's history and cultural heritage.

As part of their colonial conquest, the Dutch plundered numerous cultural treasures, including the Lombok Treasure, after they massacred hundreds of people in 1894.  The violence inflicted during its capture not only resulted in the loss of many lives but also led to the destruction and looting of the raja's palace. The Lombok Treasure consists of an exquisite collection of artifacts that shed light on Indonesia's diverse and illustrious past. These ancient relics were taken from the island of Lombok. Each artifact holds immense historical, cultural, and archaeological value, serving as a testament to the ingenuity and craftsmanship of ancient Indonesian societies.

The act, which can only be described as cultural looting, had a profound impact on Indonesia's history and identity. For decades, they remained housed in museums and private collections, far from the people who rightfully own them. However, the decision by the Netherlands to return the Lombok Treasure to Indonesia signifies a major turning point in the ongoing discussions about cultural heritage restitution. It reflects a shift in mindset and a growing acknowledgment of the colonial past's ramifications on indigenous cultures.

While the repatriation of the Lombok Treasure is a cause for celebration, it also serves as a poignant reminder of the broader challenges in addressing historical wrongs and reclaiming stolen cultural heritage. The fight for the repatriation of the "Java man" is one such challenge that highlights the undeniable power dynamics of colonialism.

Java man, still on display at Naturalis Biodiversity Center.

The "Java man" is a collection of human remains, including a skull, excavated by Dutch palaeoanthropologist Eugène Dubois from Indonesia in 1891 and 1892. This significant discovery is considered the oldest hominid fossil ever found, contributing profoundly to the understanding of human evolution.

Despite the Indonesian government's request for their return in 2022, the "Java man" remains housed at the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden, far from its homeland. The Dutch museum's rejection of restitution bids emphasizes the complexities and challenges involved in addressing historical injustices.

The story of the "Java man" serves as a stark reminder of the enduring impact of colonial domination, where artifacts and human remains were taken as trophies of power and dominance. It is a story of yearning for justice, a longing to reclaim their heritage from a chapter marred by oppression and exploitation.

As we celebrate the return of the Lombok Treasure, let us also remember that the journey towards full restitution is far from over. The fight for the repatriation of the "Java man" highlights the importance of continued dialogue, understanding, and cooperation between nations with fraught colonial histories.

The repatriation of the Lombok Treasure is a significant step forward, fostering a brighter future for cultural preservation and global understanding. It demonstrates the potential for reconciliation and healing, urging other countries to initiate discussions with former colonial powers regarding the return of their own cultural treasures.


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